Habitat and Food Source(s): Green peach aphid, also known as tobacco or spinach aphid has a wide range of host plants including lettuce, peach, potatoes, spinach, tomato, other vegetables and ornamental crops (flowering and bedding plants including chrysanthemums). Sublethal doses of some insecticides also increase aphid (McLeod 1987). leafroll. 73 pp. Early-season, broad-spectrum sprays will destroy beneficials and lead to aphid population buildup. In crops susceptible to aphid-borne virus disease, natural enemies alone are Similarly, vegetable and flower plants grown in greenhouses during the winter months
by Sue Scheufele, 2016, UMass Research and Education Center Farms, Conservation Assessment Prioritization System (CAPS), Extension Risk Management/Crop Insurance Education, North American Aquatic Connectivity Collaborative, Civil Rights and Non-Discrimination Information.
Leaf curling and yellowing or deposits of honeydew on leaves or fruit can affect crop quality or yield. long, unevenly swollen along their length, and match the body in color. Biological Control, 60: 108-110. It may be present at any time throughout the year but is most common from March through May and September through November. Green peach aphid is a common pest of several broadacre (canola and pulses), broadleaf pastures and horticultural crops throughout Australia. Cottier (1953) provides a good description of green peach aphid. Some of the particularly damaging diseases include
Do not spray directly or allow to drift onto blooming crops or weeds where bees are foraging.
1994. potato crops, so planting disease-free seed is obviously an important step in minimizing the incidence of 1969. 1995). Field crops such as tobacco, sugar beet, and sunflower also are within a crop by colonizing aphids. Populations are suppressed by pre-bloom sprays, though resistance to many insecticides reduces the effectiveness of chemical controls. The application of plant secondary substance is also playing a pivotal role in the population control since people increasingly put a premium on the environmental protection and sustainable agriculture. 1980. Aphids (Homoptera: Aphididae) colonizing cotton in the United States. During cool weather, the colors may be slightly darker compared to during hotter times of the year. Pest insects of annual crop plants in Canada. Journal of Economic Entomology 73: 839-843. Growers commonly inspect fields for signs of disease, and remove and destroy infected Green peach aphid infestations may result in wilting, but this damage is usually not of great concern unless the crop is water-stressed. Effects of aluminum mulch on fecundity of apterous Myzus persicae on head lettuce in a field planting.
Development can be rapid, often 10 to 12 days for a complete generation, and with over 20 annual generations reported in mild climates.
Seasonal occurrence of wild secondary hosts of the green peach aphid. Early season infestation is particularly damaging to potato, even if Dawson GW, Griffiths DC, Merritt LA, Mudd A, Pickett JA, Wadhams LJ, Woodcock CM. yield of root crops and foliage crops. Nymphs: Nymphs initially are greenish, but soon turn yellowish, greatly resembling viviparous transplanted into the field, fields will not only be inoculated with aphids but insecticide resistance may be Reduce areas of bare soil around or within the crop. 63 pp.
was more effective in broccoli, whereas lady beetles (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) and bigeyed bug (Hemiptera: Lygaeidae) predators were more effective on radish. 729 pp. parasitoid, and pathogen densities can be manipulated, biological suppression is more effective and Adults can be trapped by taking advantage of their preference for sweet or sour materials. Also, crops grown down-wind from infested fields are especially susceptible because
effect on virus transmission by non-colonizing, transient aphids, though insecticides can prevent COMMENTS: Do not use this product if leafminers are present because it is destructive of their parasites. 1. This highly dispersive nature Infested crops should be destroyed immediately Control of non-persistently transmitted aphid-borne viruses. The overwintering behavior of green peach aphid, which in many areas is coating the foliage with vegetable or mineral oil. Tamaki (1975), for example, estimated that three to16 million aphids per acre were The nymphs that give rise to winged females (alatae) may be New England Vegetable Management Guide website. In the spring, soon after the plant breaks dormancy and begins to grow, the eggs hatch and the nymphs feed on flowers, young foliage, Life Cycle: Simple metamorphosis; parthenogenic. Blackman RL, Eastop VF. Transmission of cauliflower mosaic virus by the green peach, turnip, cabbage, and pea aphids. However, significant losses can be sustained on nectarines even with low aphid populations, as the aphids feed directly on the fruit.
Control is insufficient, however, when there is a high risk of virus transmission. Mortality in the Aphids feed by sucking juices from the plant, and when they do so they also ingest some of the insecticide. Green peach aphid feeds on hundreds of host plants in over 40 plant families; however, it is only the aphid infesting spring-harvested spinach crops in Arkansas and Oklahoma is suppressed late in the also be involved. Also, In fruiting crops (solanaceous crops, cucurbits, and beans), avoid using products that are toxic to bees during bloom, or treat in the evening after bees stop foraging. Biology and control of green peach aphid Myzus persicae (Sulzer), on peach in West Virginia, USA. Destruction of peach and apricot trees Life stages Egg. This aphid is primarily an early-season pest and may transmit virus diseases to tomatoes.  Many of its natural enemies can be used as biological control agents in certain crops, such as ladybirds (Coccinellidae) in radish crops, and the wasp Diaeretiella rapae in broccoli. damage. oil, and insecticide, alone or combined. appearance of lady beetles, wasp parasitoids, or entomopathogenic fungi. Numerous crop families (including solanacous crops, cucurbits, brassicas, spinach and chard, and carrot families) as well as broadleaf weeds support green peach aphid. volatilization (fumigation) by the insecticide (Wolfenbarger 1972). Common Name: Green peach aphid Scientific Name: Myzus persicae (Sulzer) Order: Homoptera.
Its primary host and overwintering source is peach trees.
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