Cross pollination does occur readily within the family Cucurbitaceae. [9] It was probably bred for its seeds, which are large and high in oil and protein, but its flesh is of poorer quality than that of C. moschata and C. pepo. [6][20] The five domesticated species are mostly isolated from each other by sterility barriers and have different physiological characteristics. [52], C. argyrosperma is not as widespread as the other species. All rights reserved. In 100 grams, raw squash supplies 16 calories and is rich in vitamin C (20% of the Daily Value, DV), moderate in vitamin B6 and riboflavin (12–17% DV), but otherwise devoid of appreciable nutrient content (table), although the nutrient content of different Curcubita species may vary somewhat. The second group are perennials growing in arid zones and so are xerophytic, tolerating dry conditions. [129][130] Until recently, the earliest known depictions of this genus in Europe was of Cucurbita pepo in De Historia Stirpium Commentarii Insignes in 1542 by the German botanist Leonhart Fuchs, but in 1992, two paintings, one of C. pepo and one of C. maxima, painted between 1515 and 1518, were identified in festoons at Villa Farnesina in Rome. 2. It does not hybridize well with the other cultivated species as it has significantly different enzymes and chromosomes. [124] In Japan, squashes such as small C. moschata pumpkins (kabocha) are eaten boiled with sesame sauce, fried as a tempura dish, or made into balls with sweet potato and Japanese mountain yam. Water oozing from trees, . [9], Cucurbita fruits are large and fleshy. Information about Squash in the free online Tamil dictionary. In a seed batch with 90 percent germination rate, over 90 percent of the plants had sprouted after 29 days from planting. [12] Commercially produced pumpkin commonly used in pumpkin pie is most often varieties of C. moschata; Libby's, by far the largest producer of processed pumpkin, uses a proprietary strain of the Dickinson pumpkin variety of C. moschata for its canned pumpkin. The family Cucurbitaceae has many species used as human food. For English to Tamil translation, enter the English word you want to translate to Tamil meaning in the search box above and click 'SEARCH'. Summer squash, shrubby plant, with yellow or golden fruit and verrucose rind, similar to var. vegetable translation in English-Tamil dictionary. [90] In addition to being the 4th largest producer of squashes in the world, the United States is the world's largest importer of squashes, importing 271,614 metric tons in 2011, 95 percent of that from Mexico. உணவாய் இருக்கும்படி கடவுள் திட்டவட்டமாகவே நியமித்திருந்தார். Summer squash, prefers half-shrubby habitat, flattened or slightly discoidal shape, with undulations or equatorial edges. 3. இந்த ஆக்ஸிஜனை நாம் சுவாசிக்கிறோம். [3] In 1990, Cucurbita expert Michael Nee classified them into the following oft-cited 13 species groups (27 species total), listed by group and alphabetically, with geographic origin:[6][23][24][25], The taxonomy by Nee closely matches the species groupings reported in a pair of studies by a botanical team led by Rhodes and Bemis in 1968 and 1970 based on statistical groupings of several phenotypic traits of 21 species. By 2012, Iran had moved into the 5th slot, with Egypt falling to 6th. [102], Cucurbita species are used as food plants by the larvae of some Lepidoptera species, including the cabbage moth (Mamestra brassicae), Hypercompe indecisa, and the turnip moth (Agrotis segetum). Browsing page 1 of 1 In Italy, zucchini and larger squashes are served in a variety of regional dishes, such as cocuzze alla puviredda cooked with olive oil, salt and herbs from Apulia; as torta di zucca from Liguria, or torta di zucca e riso from Emilia-Romagna, the squashes being made into a pie filling with butter, ricotta, parmesan, egg, and milk; and as a sauce for pasta in dishes like spaghetti alle zucchine from Sicily. squash translation and definition in Tamil, related phrase, antonyms, synonyms, examples for squash [120] The xerophytic species are proving useful in the search for nutritious foods that grow well in arid regions. [6] The morphological variation in the species C. pepo[7] and C. maxima[8] is so vast that its various subspecies and cultivars have been misidentified as totally separate species. [9] Female flowers of C. pepo have a small calyx, but the calyx of C. moschata male flowers is comparatively short. [36][37] Seedlessness is known to occur in certain cultivars of C. [125], Along with maize and beans, squash has been depicted in the art work of the native peoples of the Americas for at least 2,000 years. Kew Gardens to Unveil Towering Pyramid of Pumpkins in London", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cucurbita&oldid=990580776, Crops originating from indigenous Americans, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. 32 Conversations; Tamil Conversation Practice 1; Verbs. The plants are sensitive to frost, and they prefer both bright sunlight and soil with a pH of 6.0 to 7.0. The red pumpkin beetle (Raphidopalpa foveicollis) is a serious pest of cucurbits, especially the pumpkin, which it can defoliate. [91], Pumpkin seeds contain vitamin E, crude protein, B vitamins and several dietary minerals (see nutrition table at pepita). 2. Vegetable names in Tamil and English. While you type English letters phonetically, and hit the space bar, these will be automatically converted into Tamil letters. These effects vary significantly between the different species of Cucurbita. This can be used as a soap, shampoo, and bleach. Many North and Central American species are visited by specialist bee pollinators, but other insects with more general feeding habits, such as honey bees, also visit. C. argyrosperma has ovate-cordate (egg-shaped to heart-shaped) leaves. [9], In India, squashes (ghia) are cooked with seafood such as prawns. Growing 5 to 15 meters (16 to 49 ft) in height or length, the plant stem produces tendrils to help it climb adjacent plants and structures or extend along the ground. 6. the space bar, it will be converted into அம்மா. Most species do not readily root from the nodes; a notable exception is C. ficifolia, and the four other cultivated mesophytes do this to a lesser extent. Fibres from plants and the bark of certain trees, . [140], Cucurbita have been used in various cultures as folk remedies. [13][14] The seeds, which are attached to the ovary wall (parietal placentation) and not to the center, are large and fairly flat with a large embryo that consists almost entirely of two cotyledons. A rope for tying beasts with, . Any of various herbaceous plants having parts that are used as food. A slut, slatterer. Along with other nutrients, phytate is used completely during seedling growth. Summer squash have a thin, edible skin. [38][39], The most critical factors in flowering and fruit set are physiological, having to do with the age of the plant and whether it already has developing fruit. Changes in fruit shape and color indicate that intentional breeding of C. pepo had occurred by no later than 8,000 years BP. Vegetable fibre in fruits, &c., . Seeds for studying additional species members were not available. [19], The Cucurbita digitata, C. foetidissima, C. galeotti, and C. pedatifolia species groups are xerophytes, arid zone perennials with storage roots; the remainder, including the five domesticated species, are all mesophytic annuals or short-life perennials with no storage roots. [144], In China, C. moschata seeds were also used in traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of the parasitic disease schistosomiasis[145] and for the expulsion of tape worms. a plant raised for some edible part of it, a person whose body or brain has been damaged. [20] The genus was part of the culture of almost every native peoples group from southern South America to southern Canada. [9][32][62][63] C. pepo may have appeared in the Old World before moving from Mexico into South America. [146], In Mexico, herbalists use C. ficifolia in the belief that it reduces blood sugar levels. Poisonous to mammals,[101] it is found in quantities sufficient to discourage herbivores. [117] Other foods that can be made using members of this genus include biscuits, bread, cheesecake, desserts, donuts, granola, ice cream, lasagna dishes, pancakes, pudding, pumpkin butter,[118] salads, soups, and stuffing. [57], C. moschata is native to Latin America, but the precise location of origin is uncertain. 2. [110][111][112][113] PRSV is the only one of these viruses that does not affect all cucurbits. Prolonged contact can cause skin irritation. Four of them, C. argyrosperma, C. ficifolia, C. moschata, and C. pepo, originated and were domesticated in Mesoamerica; for the fifth, C. maxima, these events occurred in South America.

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